Tucson Turns 240


Tucson entered the Arizona Territory in 1854 as part of the Gadsden Purchase, but the city’s rich multicultural past stretches long before its U.S. affiliation.

Tucson’s official founding dates back to 1775 – one year before the American Revolution – when the Spanish founded Presidio San Augustin del Tucson. Spanish missionaries had been in the area for decades; Father Eusebio Kino founded Mission San Xavier del Bac in 1692. The mission serves the Tohono O’odham (formerly Papago) Indians who have been in the area for centuries, preceded by the Hohokam. Tucson joined the Mexican state of Sonora (originally called Occidente) after Mexican independence from Spain in 1821.

Learn more about the Old Pueblo, its history, geography, and the fiction it inspired, with these Reading Arizona ebooks:

Local history


Fiction set in Tucson

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